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When was the one child policy implemented in China?


When was the one child policy implemented in China?

By the late 1970s, China’s population was rapidly approaching the one billion mark and this worried policy makers who feared that the pressure of population on resources may impede the country’s growth.

As a result, family planning was deemed a crucial part of the country’s overall economic and social policies. The first voluntary family planning campaign started during the same period. Launched under the slogan ‘Late, long and few’, the campaign advocated delaying of marriage, having fewer children and increasing the gap between two children.

The programme had limited success and was soon replaced by the one child policy. In 1978, a family planning policy was started which encouraged couples not to have more than two children, one child being more preferable.

1970年代末,中国人口迅速逼近十亿大关,当时的政策决策者为此忧心忡忡,担心人口对资源造成的压力会阻碍国家的发展。

结果就是,计划生育成为国家整体经济和社会政策的关键部分。同期开始了第一批志愿的计划生育运动,提倡晚婚晚育少生优生。

这项计划取得的成功是有限的,很快被一胎政策替代。1978年,计划生育启动了,鼓励夫妇不要生两个以上孩子,最好是生一个。

According to the Chinese government’s official statement, the policy prevented an estimated 400 million births since its inception in 1980.

It is said that the population control policy, along with economic reforms helped China become the world’s second largest economy. There were, however, many unwanted outcomes too. Many experts blame China’s skewed sex ratio on enforcement of the policy.

根据中国官方声明,从1980年开始,该政策避免了4亿人出生。

据说,人口控制政策以及经济改革,帮助中国成为了世界第二大经济体。

然而,也出现了许多不想要的结果。许多专家把性别比例失调归咎于该政策。


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